Flower — that fancy term used by some cannabis consumers to describe the plant itself. What exactly is marijuana flower, though? Before it becomes smokable, you must cure and dry flower, but why? Is there actually a difference between sativa and indica strains? In this marijuana flower 101 crash course, we want to explain it all.

How is Marijuana Flower Cultivated?

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Like other plants, cannabis is grown through light, water, and a source of nutrition. When you grow marijuana, these factors all differ depending on the strain. Likewise, some strains require far less involvement on your side, such as autoflowering plants.

Some strains are best grown inside, while others thrive in the great outdoors. This early stage is called the vegetative stage. Within this stage, the plant needs light for 18 hours per day, and 6 hours without.

Overwatering and overfeeding should be avoided at all costs. Do some research on your cannabis strain. Sometimes, you may get specific instructions on how much water or nutrition a a strain needs.

Why Bud Must Be Cured and Dried

Once your bud is fully grown and ready for harvest, it’s time for the curing stage. Curing is the process in which marijuana dries slowly in a controlled environment.

Drying and curing marijuana flower is a necessity. Otherwise, the bud won’t ever reach its peak quality and potency.

A strain can have legendary genetics, grown to perfection, and still just be “okay” if drying and curing doesn’t happen properly. This stage is the difference between average weed and trophy winners.

Sativa & Indica: What’s the Difference?

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Back in the 18th century, sativa and indica were terms used to describe various cannabis species.


Cannabis sativa was used to define hemp plants in Eurasia and Europe. Its seeds and fiber were both useful for various agricultural needs.

Nowadays, sativa is used to describe the narrow-leaf, tall cannabis strains. They’re known to cause energizing, productive effects. However, these effects are still intoxicating, so the new sativa is basically the old indica.


Meanwhile, Cannabis indica referred to the versions in India that were intoxicating. It was harvested for its hashish production, but also its seeds and fiber.

Today, indica strains are the broad-leaf, stout versions. In contrast to sativa, indica delivers the sedative, couch-lock effects weed is known best for.

Wrapping Up: Marijuana Flower 101

In conclusion, there’s not as much of a difference now between sativa and indica strains. In fact, what impacts a strain’s effects more are the cannabinoids and terpenes within it.

For example, a THC-dominant strain will impact you far differently than a CBD-dominant strain will. It doesn’t matter if the THC-dominant strain is “sativa” or “indica,” because it still has a high THC content.

In this guide, we were able to answer what marijuana flower is, its most important stages, and the differences between the various types. Hopefully, this marijuana flower 101 crash course helped you understand the finer details of cannabis.

At Nug Avenue, it’s our goal to be transparent and ensure you’re informed. Be sure to reach out if you still have a question. Our cannabis experts are always happy to help.